Lesson 44: Making Healthy Choices

Let's Learn English Lesson 44: Making Healthy Choices
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Let's Learn English Lesson 44: Making Healthy Choices


Anna is hungry. She goes to the supermarket and looks for good foods to eat. But she has a problem. One part of her wants junk food. The other part wants healthy food. Which part will win?


In this video, learn how to say the new words. Then learn the difference between "mustn't" and "don't have to."

Let's Learn English Lesson 44 Speaking Practice
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Use this video to practice the pronunciation of "mustn't."

Let's Learn English Lesson 44 Pronunciation Practice
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Anna: Hi there, Ashley!
Ashley: Anna! Hi! Where are you going?
(Anna’s stomach growls loudly)
Ashley: What was that?
Anna: I’m hungry. When I’m hungry, I only want to eat junk food! But I know I should eat healthy food. So, I fight with myself. One side says, ‘You should eat healthy food.’ The other side says, ‘But I want to eat junk food!’
Ashley: Well, Anna, go to the Giant supermarket. You should be able to find all kinds of food there - for all of you.
Anna: Good idea, Ashley. See you later!
Ashley: 'Bye, Anna.
Anna: Wow! This supermarket is huge! Look at all of these fruits and vegetables! I should eat more vegetables.
Healthy: Good idea, Anna. You must eat more vegetables … like celery!
Junky: Celery?! Do you know what the web says about celery?
Anna: No, what?
Junky: “Celery is 95 percent water - 100 percent NOT ice cream. I love the web!”
Healthy*: Anna, you mustn’t eat junk food. Junk food will kill you.
Junky*: You are being silly.
Healthy: No, you are!
Junky: No, you are.
Anna: Will you two please be nice to each other? It is important to eat healthy foods. But, a little junk food will not kill me. Hmm, ice cream. Ice cream does sound good.
Junky: Take this cart to the frozen food aisle!
Healthy: No wait, go back! Go back! We forgot fruit. Go back!!
Anna: Okay, we are in the frozen food aisle!
Junky: Mmm, ice cream!
Healthy: Mmm, frozen peas!
Junky: Nobody says, ‘Mmm, frozen peas. They say, ‘Mmm, ice cream!
Healthy: Mmm, frozen peas!!
Junky: Mmm, ice cream!!
Anna: I am not going to tell you two again! Stop fighting!
Anna: I smell fresh bread! I love the smells of a bakery!
Healthy: Oh, Anna, let’s buy a fresh loaf of whole wheat, organic bread!
Junky: You don’t have to buy bread. Buy some donuts, Anna!
Healthy: You mustn’t buy donuts. They are only fat and sugar.
Junky: Exactly! You know, you are really no fun at all.
Healthy: And you must think having high cholesterol is fun.
Junky: Everyone likes donuts! That is why you don’t have friends!
Healthy: And that is why your cholesterol is so high!
Junky: My cholesterol is none of your business!!
Healthy: And I have lots of friends!!
Anna: Stop it! Stop it! Stop it! I am sick and tired of the both of you!!
Anna: I know what you two need!
Junky: Anna! What are you doing?
Healthy: Put me down!
Anna: You two need to cool off!
Anna: I am going to go buy my healthy food and my junk food! Good bye!
Anna: Until next time …
Note: "Healthy" and "Junky" are Anna's thoughts about what she should eat.


In this lesson, Anna goes shopping. She thinks about the foods that are good for her and the ones that are not so good. What do you think about when you shop for food? Do you sometimes fight with yourself as Anna does in this lesson? Write a short conversation about the thoughts you have while you are shopping. Write to us by email or in the Comments section.

Click on the image below to download the Activity Sheet and practice talking about different kinds of foods.

LLe 44 Activity Sheet
LLe 44 Activity Sheet

Learning Strategy

Learning Strategies are the thoughts and actions that help make learning easier or more effective.

The learning strategy for this lesson is Classify. When we classify we sort things into categories, or looks for things that are different or the same. Classifying helps us to organize and remember new information.

In this lesson, Anna classifies foods into two groups: healthy and junk food. She knows that she should eat more healthy foods. But she also like to have some junk foods, like ice cream.

Do you ever classify the new things you are learning in English? Write to us about it in the Comments section or send us an email. Teachers, see the Lesson Plan for more details on teaching this strategy.


Listen to short videos and test your listening skills with this quiz.

Quiz - Lesson 44: Making Healthy Choices

Quiz - Lesson 44: Making Healthy Choices

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New Words

aisle - n. a passage where people walk through a store or market
bakery - n. a place where bread, cakes, cookies, and other baked foods are made or sold
cart - n. (shopping cart) a metal basket on wheels used to hold groceries while you are shopping
cholesterol - n. a substance that is found in the bodies of people and animals, a high percentage raises the risk of coronary heart disease
cool off - phrasal verb. to become calm after a period of anger or conflict
fat - n. an oily solid or liquid substance in food
freeze - v. to become a hard substance (such as ice) because of cold (past participle: frozen)
healthy - adj. good for your health or healthful
junk food - n. food that is not good for your health because it contains high amounts of fat or sugar
kill - cause the death of (a person, animal, or plant)
must - modal verb. used to say that something is required or necessary
organic - adj. food that is grown or made without the use of artificial chemicals
smell - n. the quality of a thing that you can sense with your nose
smell - v. to use your nose to sense smells
sugar - n. a sweet substance usually in the form of white or brown crystals or white powder that comes from plants and is used to make foods sweeter
whole wheat- adj. made from wheat from which no part (such as the bran) has been removed
Lesson 44 Foods
Lesson 44 Foods

Free Materials

Word Book
Word Book

Download the VOA Learning English Word Book for a dictionary of the words we use on this website.

Each Let's Learn English lesson has an Activity Sheet for extra practice on your own or in the classroom. In this lesson, you can use it to practice classifying foods and giving advice using mustn't or don't have to.

For Teachers

Lesson Plan - Lesson 44
Lesson Plan - Lesson 44

Grammar: Mustn’t vs. Don’t have to, Must vs. Should

Topics: Expressing concern, Nutrition; Types of foods; Complimenting about food choices

Learning Strategy: Classify

Pronunciation: Pronouncing must & mustn’t

See the Lesson Plan for this lesson for ideas and more teaching resources. Send us an email if you have comments on this course or questions.


Now it's your turn. Send us an email or write to us in the Comments section below or on our Facebook page to let us know what you think of this lesson.